It’s pretty clear that the pressure is on the European Central Bank (ECB) to come up with some form of policy response at their next Governing Council meeting in March. Take, for example, the 5-year, 5-year EUR inflation swap rate (i.e., the swap market’s estimate of where 5-year inflation rates might be in five years’ time), which has taken a nose dive to 1.5% (see chart below). This is remark…Read the article
There has long been a well-known ‘wedge’ in the UK index linked bond market, since the bonds pay RPI and the Bank of England targets CPI. The wedge is the difference between these two price indices, and over the long term is thought to be approximately 1%. So over the long term, and with all sorts of caveats, RPI will be around 1% higher than CPI. The reasons for the wedge are essentially that …Read the article
We recently blogged about the marked effect the collapse in commodity prices, particularly oil and energy, have had on global inflation rates across the world. Headline inflation rates in major western economies have been in, or have flirted with, deflation throughout the year in spite of ongoing economic growth and a steady recovery in labour markets.
An interesting issue is whether this, seem…Read the article
I blogged in 2014 with good news for cake lovers; falling soft commodity prices indicated that the cost of baking cakes was getting cheaper. Unfortunately (and in contrast to hard commodity prices, notably oil recently hitting new post global financial crisis lows), the final quarter of 2015 depicted a reversal in trend with soft commodity prices on the rise.
In September we discussed the pote…Read the article
One of the first rules of economics is that the equilibrium market price is generated by relative supply and demand. Limited supply or excess demand should result in an increase in price. One of the questions that has arisen in the post financial crisis world is why have wages not increased despite unemployment heading towards historically low levels? Given the improvement in data such as headl…Read the article
First of all thanks to Business Insider. Every now and then we come into work to find hundreds of new Twitter followers have joined us overnight – this week it was thanks to BI listing us second in its round up of finance Tweeters. It’s a great list and pretty much everyone on it is worth a follow – I’d also recommend following Business Insider’s European markets editor Mike Bird (@Birdyword)…Read the article
One of the key objectives of modern monetary policy is to anchor inflation expectations, because managing inflation expectations is the first step to managing inflation.
The extent to which inflation expectations are anchored can have direct implications for the performance of inflation and the broader economy.
Where inflation expectations are not very well anchored, falling (or rising) inflati…Read the article
This morning CPI in the UK has fallen from 0.1% in July to 0% in August, both in year-over-year terms. Continuing deflationary trends observed in transport (largely petrol) and food (supermarket price wars), which have together taken 0.7% off CPI over the last year, were dragged back up to the zero bound by alcohol and tobacco (these always go up!), education and restaurants and hotels, with sm…Read the article
There ought to be a relationship between yields available on equities (earnings or dividend yields) and those on index-linked gilts and other inflation-linked bonds. Ex-ante, and adjusted for risk, expected returns should be similar across asset classes. In the case of equities and index-linked bonds, both asset classes give you exposure to “real” returns on both income and capital. For inde…Read the article
(blog originally posted on www.bruegel.org)
Euro area consumer price inflation, as measured by the HICP, continues to undershoot the ECB’s target of “close to, but below 2%”, currently at -0.1% in March. While it is still too early to tell if the ECB QE programme launched on March 9 will manage to bring back inflation towards the target in the medium term, a look at market- and survey-based inf…Read the article